If you haven’t visited Peru, chances are high, you may solely find out about Machu Picchu, one of many Seven Wonders of the World. Though Machu Picchu and the Incas are essentially the most well-known issues about Peru, there are many different causes to go to Peru.
As one of many largest nations in South America, Peru’s panorama is numerous. In the east, you’ve got the unique Amazon Rainforest, which is residence to indigenous tribes and distinctive wildlife.
The Andean Mountains divide the nation in half, beckoning the bravest hikers to method them, and on the western Pacific Coast, pristine seashores and marine life dominate.
Reasons to Visit Peru
This Peru journey information is damaged into two components, first are the superb causes listed by Living out Lau after which some journey suggestions and data were added by the planet. Peru is such an enormous nation, that it takes a number of journeys to actually expertise all of it.
So while you go to Peru, ensure that to spend sufficient time touring from its jungles to the deserts, and the mountains to the ocean as a result of, in a nutshell, Peru has all of it. Are you prepared to discover Peru? Let’s go.
1. Discover Machu Picchu
Let’s deal with the elephant within the room the Machu Picchu archaeological website. Machu Picchu is the most important vacationer attraction in Peru, receiving more than 1 million visitors annually. Besides being one of many Seven Wonders of the World, it’s a present-day UNESCO World Heritage Site.
As you may know already, Machu Picchu is a citadel constructed by the Incas within the fifteenth century. However, it was deserted within the sixteenth century when the Spanish conquistadors got here to Peru.
No one is aware of precisely why Machu Picchu was deserted, however many specialists consider that the Inca residents of Machu Picchu went to assist in the struggle efforts in opposition to the Spaniards.
The Incas had been ultimately defeated and Machu Picchu was left deserted. However, what makes Machu Picchu so distinctive when put next to the opposite Inca settlements is that Machu Picchu was by no means found by the Spaniards.
Perched over the Andes Mountain above the Urubamba River, Machu Picchu was virtually invisible to anybody however the locals.
Machu Picchu was found a whole lot of years later precisely the way it was left (minus the little little bit of weathering), making it some of the well-preserved Inca ruins on Earth.
Plan Your Trip to Machu Picchu
2. Visit The Capital of the Inca
As the traditional capital metropolis of the Inca empire, Cusco is among the finest causes to go to Peru. The historic center of Cusco has stored most of its unique Inca appeal.
Matter of truth, most of the unique Inca buildings can nonetheless be seen in Cusco, providing guests a glimpse of the spectacular development strategies utilized by the Incas.
The most well-known Inca landmark in Cusco is Qorichancha, which interprets the Golden Temple in Quechua, Inca’s native language. It was the nonsecular middle of the Incas the place they may honor one of many well-known essential gods – Inti, the Inca solar god.
Two kilometers from the primary sq. of the historic center, guests may even discover the Sacsayhuaman Inca ruins, one of many fortresses of Cusco.
This hilltop Inca Citadel Perched over a hill, this was some of the spectacular citadels constructed, particularly contemplating how over 100 tons of big stone had been moved without trendy know-how. The citadel affords panoramic views of Cusco and the gorgeous Andean peaks.
Just watch out for the excessive altitude when visiting Cusco. Located at 3,400 meters excessive, it’s an attitude that may simply trigger altitude illness. We suggest selecting one of many hotels in Cusco with doable oxygen enrichment!
3. Indulge in a few of the Best Food in The World
One of the perfect causes to go to Peru is for its meals, particularly if you’re a foodie. Because Peru has an enormous number of landscapes, it’s in a position to supply a variety of contemporary elements.
Combined with a whole lot of years of culinary refinement, Peru is residence to a few of the finest dishes on this planet.
Matter of truth, the capital metropolis of Peru, Lima, is persistently voted because of the gastronomic capital of Latin America. The metropolis can also be residence to two of the highest 50 eating places on this planet – Central and Maido.
Cusco can also be a top-of-the-line location on this planet to strive for indigenous Peruvian meals. It is right here that you’ll discover cuy (guinea pig), a conventional delicacy that was as soon as the primary supply of protein for the inhabitants of the villages within the Andean Mountains.
One of the perfect dishes to strive in Peru is Peruvian ceviche (not to be confused with common ceviche), the nationwide dish of Peru. It is a dish made with uncooked fish marinated by highly effective Peruvian limes.
The limes are so sturdy that it kills all of the microorganism from the fish, basically “cooking” it. It is a dish that lets the flavors of the contemporary elements shine. Simple but highly effective.
Discover extra Peruvian meals
4. Explore one of the many Tallest Waterfalls in the World
When you consider Peru, do hovering waterfalls come to your thoughts? I guess not. But do you know that Peru is the residence to many large waterfalls such because the Gocta Waterfalls?
The Gocta Waterfalls, or Catarata de Gocta in Spanish, are among the world’s tallest waterfalls at 771-meters excessive. When it was first found, it was the third-highest waterfall on this planet, however, now it’s someplace between third and sixteenth, relying on how it’s measured.
Situated within the Amazonas area in Northern Peru, the Gocta Waterfall is surrounded by each mountain and jungle, providing a singular and gorgeous panorama.
The better part concerning the Gocta Waterfall is you’ll be able to hike to many various components of the waterfall. The hottest choice is a 3-hour hike from Cocachimba to the underside of the falls, the place you’ll be able to absolutely grasp the facility of nature. Just ensure that every little thing you’re taking with you is waterproof or don’t be broken when moist!
5. World Class Hiking
One of the perfect causes to go to Peru is to expertise the well-known Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. The Inca Trail is a historic 4-day trek that goes via a few of the routes that the Inca civilization used to navigate via the Sacred Valley.
The path first takes you to the snow-capped mountains of the Urubamba Range and ends within the deep cloud forest of Peru. Along the best way, you’ll be able to discover over 5 Inca ruins and be taught about the historical past of the most important empire in Pre-Columbian America.
On the final day, you enter Machu Picchu not via the doorway, but via the Sun Gate. It is traditionally the one place individuals may enter Machu Picchu, and plenty of guests had been rejected due to their lack of royalty.
Inca Trail is cultural and historic expertise that comes with an exhilarating hike and beautiful mountainous views. Its uniqueness alone is the price of visiting Peru! However, we do have to warn you that reserving the Inca Trail 6+ months prematurely is extremely really useful. This is a world-famous attraction and its reputation can’t be underestimated.
During our first journey to Peru, we didn’t ebook prematurely and couldn’t hike the Inca Trail, nevertheless, we booked a number of day excursions all through the Sacred Valley, together with some lengthy hikes within the Sacred Valley. It was the second alternative to the extremely popular trek to Machu Picchu.
6. Go Sandboarding in Huacachina
If you’re a lover of snowboarding however don’t just like the chilly, then certainly one of your causes to go to Peru should be sandboarding in Huacachina. Huacachina is a small village situated within the southwestern part of Peru. It is simply 4 hours away from Lima.
The village is the one pure oasis in South America, and the small lake’s distinction with the sand dunes solely makes the panorama much more dramatic.
Huacachina is residence to the most important sand dunes in South America, making it good for sandboarding and using dune buggies. Before visiting, determine if you’d like to sandboard standing up, sit, or lay on your abdomen. Just watch out for this one as the one manner to break is to use your individual physique as a brake.
7. Explore the Amazon Jungle
Most individuals come to Peru for Machu Picchu and its unbelievable alpine hikes, however, do you know that Peru is sort of 60 % Amazonian forest? Inside the Peruvian Amazon Forest are 3940 distinctive species and a whole lot of indigenous tribes, a few of which will be visited by vacationers.
The most well-known gateway to the Amazon Rainforest is Iquitos, a metropolis within the northern part of Peru. With no roads connecting it, the one manner to get to Iquitos is both by boat or an airplane. Iquitos is located subsequent to the superb Amazon River, and thus affords guests simpler entry to the magic of the Amazon.
Visitors can discover excursions that discover the varied components of the northern Peruvian Amazon Rainforest, similar to assembly indigenous tribes, staying in one of many jungle lodges, and discovering the wildlife.
Plan Your Trip to the Amazon
8. Meet Cute Little Fluffy Alpacas
Peru is home to over 70 percent of the world’s population of alpaca, a camelid mammal whose habitat is the Andes Mountains. Alpacas are sacred in Inca tradition, as they believed that they had been present from Pachamama (Mother Earth).
Their cloth has been some of the fascinating materials within the historical past of mankind. Some historians even consider that alpaca fur was used as cash for trade.
Alpaca cloth is understood to be very heat and lightweight, thanks to the additional hole house within the fiber. It can also be identified to be gentle and water-resistant, making it virtually the best cloth for a lot of totally different articles of clothes.
In truth, some of the widespread souvenirs from Peru are alpaca-related merchandise. In any of the outlets, you’ll discover alpaca sweaters, scarves, hoodies, ponchos, and extra! We have a few hats that we love from our Peru journeys.
9. Rainbow Mountain
When you go to Peru, getting a selfie with an alpaca is a should. You can see cute little alpacas in most of the sights in Peru similar to Rainbow Mountain and Colca Canyon. You may even discover them with their proprietor on the cobblestone streets of Cusco, ready to be approached and photographed (and tipped)!
Speaking of Rainbow Mountain this colorful mountain is another excuse to put Peru on the prime of your journey checklist. It’s changed into virtually as busy because of the Machu Picchu and the Sacred Valley, however, you shouldn’t miss it. We have a complete article about how to trek and ebook a Rainbow Mountain journey – What To Expect When Hiking Rainbow Mountain Peru
But for those who like to discover new culinary flavors on their travels, the style of alpaca meat will shock you. Their meat is understood to be lean and tender with a touch of sweetness, and many individuals examine it as high-quality beef.
But like beef, totally different components of the alpaca have totally different textures and tastes, so be sure you get a pleasant lower if you happen to determine to strive for them.
10. Discover the Highest Navigable Lake in the World
One of the best options in Peru is Lake Titicaca, the best navigable lake at 3,812 meters excessive. Though that is likely to be its most recognizable characteristic, Lake Titicaca is believed to be the birthplace of the Inca civilization.
Nowadays, individuals don’t journey to Lake Titicaca to be taught about the Incas, however the Uros individuals as an alternative. Why?
The Uros individuals have constructed over 100 floating islands on Lake Titicaca, utilizing solely native vegetation grown within the lake and nothing however their arms. Talk about sustainability and spectacular engineering!
Most of the Uros individuals have moved off the floating islands, however, there is nonetheless a lot that resides on them. Typically, an enormous island can match up to 10 households and a small one can match about 2 to 3. They actually have a college on one of many islands, how cool is that?
If you want to be taught extra about Lake Titicaca, the Uros individuals, and its cultural significance, taking a tour with neighborhood information is extremely really useful. Luckily, there are many excursions that depart from the lakeside metropolis of Puno!
11. Hike One of the Deepest Canyons in the World
Home to the Andes Mountains, there isn’t a shock that Peru is crammed with great hikes. But there’s one hike that’s fairly particular – the Colca Canyon hike. The deepest canyon in Peru is usually the second deepest canyon on this planet.
Colca Canyon is a river canyon located in southern Peru, roughly 4.5 hours away from the favored metropolis of Arequipa. For the native tribes that dwell there, the Colca Canyon is called the pure habitat for condors, an emblem of Hanan Pacha, or heavenly world, within the Inca tradition.
But for vacationers, Colca Canyon is a hike to be conquered. The Colca Canyon is taken into account as one of many deepest canyons on this planet. In truth, it’s twice the depth of the Grand Canyon in the United States, which is already fairly darn spectacular.
For guests that need to hike the Colca Canyon, you’ll be able to go on a 2-day or 3-day circuit that begins on the prime and goes to the underside and again up. Both excursions have an analogous itinerary, one simply has shorter days than the opposite.
But earlier than you go, we extremely suggest that you simply get acclimated to the altitude. You will want to hike at around 3,200 meters altitude for this trek.
12. Witness the Mystery of the Nazca Lines
The Nazca Lines stay one of many world’s biggest mysteries. Researchers have been learning about them for many years, however, no one has been in a position to clarify what they’re or why they had been constructed.
Why did the Nazca individuals make these well-known geoglyphs? Located on a coastal plain 250 miles from Peru’s Capital within the Paracas National Reserve makes for a thrilling day journey.
There are over 800 straight strains and 300 geometric patterns that stretch throughout the plain. Finally, there are over 70 depictions of vegetation and animals, a few of that are over 1,200 ft lengthy.
Are they historic nonsecular art work? A constellation chart to observe the celebrities? Or a long-lost alien touchdown strip? You determine!
13. Visit the Poor Man’s Galapagos
Okay, it’s not the perfect nickname for Isla Ballestas, however a go to the Galapagos will be costly, and when in Peru, this makes for an ideal day journey.
We visited these lovely islands off the coast and noticed penguins, sea lions, and a whole lot of various chook species. Located close to the city of Pisco, you’ll be able to catch a ship out to the islands to see the marine life frolic around in their pure habitat.
When to Visit Peru
Peru is situated on the West Coast of South America spanning from the Pacific Ocean via the Andes Mountains to the Amazon basin. It is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile giving Peru a really huge panorama and local weather varies.
Usually, the perfect time to go to Peru is throughout the months of May to September as it’s a good time for all areas.
- Peru’s summer season is from December to March. This is the warmest time to go, however, it is usually the wet season.
- The excessive season for visiting Peru is throughout its winter months May – September. This is when it’s warmest and it’s the dry season.
- The finest time for the climate to go to Machu Picchu is from April to November. But it’s crowded and you will want to ebook effectively prematurely.
- The Amazon Rainforest is scorching and humid. From May to September it is extremely humid with temperatures above 30 levels. It could be very wet from Oct to April.
- The desert in Huacachina is dry and scorching and will be visited any time of the yr because it doesn’t change a lot.
- The Andes can get very chilly and the coast can see various temperatures and climates.
- From December to March it’s wet and colder however you’ll be able to nonetheless trek it if you’d like to expertise fewer crowds.
How to Get Around Peru
Peru has 5 worldwide airports, however, you’ll more than likely be flying into Peru’s capital metropolis of Lima from North America or Europe.
When touring in Peru, we acquired around by bus, practice, and airplane. We personally discovered every certainly one of them to swimsuit particular wants however the airplane was our transportation of alternative.
By air: Domestic flights have gotten extra affordable and it’s a lot safer and quicker to fly from Lima to Cusco or the Amazon Rainforest than taking a bus via the Andes. There are common flights from the Lima Airport to hubs and main cities across the nation.
When looking for a home air journey search for the mainstays of Peruvian airways similar to Taca, LAN Peru, and Peruvian Airlines.
By Bus – bus journey in Peru has a fame of being unsafe and up to date crashes have added to that stigma. There are good bus firm choices with luxurious buses which might be fairly comfy. Just ensure that to use a good bus firm. Two good decisions for bus journeys in Peru are Cruz del Sur and Peru Hop. The bus is essentially the most economical manner to journey domestically in Peru, however it may be risky.
When taking public transportation regulate your valuables as petty crime is widespread at bus and practice stations. I wouldn’t ebook in a single day bus as felony exercise will increase in the evening. We booked our buses on effectively traveled routes throughout daylight.
By Train: We solely took the practice to Aguas Calientes to go to Machu Picchu and if you’re not mountaineering the Inca Trail, this can be a smart way to get to Machu Picchu.
The train journey isn’t a well-liked type of transportation in Peru as trains want to undergo the excessive Andes Mountains however there are a number of strains which you could take if you’d like the expertise.
Safety in Peru
Peru has reopened to a worldwide journey. Check your authorities web site for journey advisories and warnings. There have been stories of violent crime and petty theft across the nation. There are some strict regional warnings.
Things are continually altering around the globe, so we suggest doing all of your analysis earlier than touring distant areas and sure districts. Travel warnings for Peru will be discovered on the Canadian government website.
And these are some causes to make your manner to Peru in 2022. We hope this journey information impressed you to get out and see the world, and now we have many extra Peru journey guides within the hyperlinks beneath to allow you to plan your journey.